Joinery: Second Floor

A) Mortise-and-Tenon with Peg: The majority of the second floor framing uses mortise-and-tenon joints which are secured with a wooden peg. In the center room, thought to be original construction, the framing members are heavy and rough hewn, and the walls are infilled with bousillage.

B) Double Mortise-and-Tenon: At the corners of the center room, a double mortise-and-tenon is used for added stability.

C) Abandoned Half-Lapped Mortise-and-Tenon Joints: Dovetail joints were used in the original framing for ceiling joists. Ceiling joists were overturned to sit on top of top plate during a later renovation.

D) Dovetail Tenons: Dovetail tenons can be observed on either side of the fireplace in the central room. This indicates the fireplace may have been rebuilt or relocated after the original construction.

E) Hand-Hewn Mortise-and-Tenon Without Peg : Hand-hewn mortise-and tenon-joints without pegs are found throughout the southeast, northeast and northwest rooms. These members are narrower than those in the central room and probably date to the second phase of construction.

F) Sawn Members, Toenailed or Mortise-and-Tenon, Without Peg: Sawn members attached either with mortise-and-tenon, but more likely toenailed into the top plate.

G) Cut Tenon with Peg: Cut tenons with peg are found in all rooms. They are the result of changing the structural framing to accommodate windows and doors to their current location. This may have happened more than once, but the current configuration is likely from the third phase of building, indicated by the presence of dimensional lumber in the framing.

H) Shoulder Joint with Peg:This joint is found only in one part of the house, a bricked-in entryway on the south wall of the northwest room. An abandoned mortise on the corresponding corner stud on the other side of the original frame suggests this may have been part of the original porch structure before expansion.

I) Longitudinal Beveled and Tabled Half-Scarf Joints: Found in the top plate of the east wall of the southeast room, likely from the second phase of construction.

J) Curved Door or Window Transom: A partially obscured door transom can be seen in the west central room. Part of the original construction, the opening was filled in during a later phase of construction.